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Scientific Name: Cuscuta spp.

Common Name(s): Dodder. Old folk names include devil's guts, devil's hair, devil's ringlet, goldthread, hailweed, hairweed, hellbine, love vine, pull-down, strangleweed, and witch's hair

Origin: Noxious weed. Introduced from Eurasia, Africa

Identification:

- thin stems with minute, hard to see leaves

- small flowers range from white to pink to yellow to cream

- seeds sprout out at or near the surface of the soil and are very small, yet produced in large quantities.

Characteristics:

- contains 16,000 seeds per plant, seeds can remain dormant for 60 years
- grows towards the smell of other plants (vegetables, native plants, forage crops, and ornamentals)
- attaches itself to these plants and attacks them by drawing out their nutrients for itself
- dodder produces haustoria that inserts itself into the victim plants vascular system
- leaves these plants damaged or killed
- can attach to multiple plants and spread disease to plants

Habitat:
- Fives species of Cuscuta can be found in Southern B.C
- Not able to grow in cold climates
Control/ eradication recommendations:
- burn or other wise destroy plant material
- make sure you clean tools used in order to prevent spreading of its seeds
- if dodder hasn`t attached to a plant yet, simply pull it out by its roots
- if choking another plant has started, that plant must be pruned lower than the dodder
- use pre-emergant herbicides like Dacthal in the spring
- import of dodder seeds is prohibited in many nations

References:
http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/cropprot/dodder.htm
http://www.eflora.bc.ca/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodder
http://www.pnwflowers.com/flower/cuscuta-salina